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Blackbeard: Exploring Edward Thatch’s Early Days
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Salty Dog
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PostPosted: Thu Dec 20, 2018 3:28 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

[17] Deposition of Henry Timberlake, December 17, 1716, 426-427. It is unclear if the capture of surgeon John Howell by Hornigold to serve as a surgeon on his vessel occurred during the fall of 1716 or if it occurred after the capture of the Bennet on April 1, 1717. The testimonies of William Howard, one of Hornigold’s previous quartermasters, and of Richard Noland during Howells trial in December of 1721 do not offer a clear answer to this issue. Records of the Trial of Dr. William Howell, Minutes of the Council of the Bahama Islands, December 19-29, 1721.

[18] “Lt. Governor Bennet to Council of Trade & Plantations, Bermuda. July 30, 1717,” CSPCS, Jan. 1716 – July 1717, item 677; Records of the Trial of Dr. William Howell, Minutes of the Council of the Bahama Islands, December 19-29, 1721, CO 23/1, No 42 iii.

[19] Captain Candler to Josiah Burchet, 12 May, 1717, ADM 1/1597, TNA.

[20] Ibid.

[21] “Lt. Governor Bennet to Council of Trade & Plantations, Bermuda. July 30, 1717,” CSPCS, Jan. 1716 – July 1717, item 677; Records of the Trial of Dr. William Howell, Minutes of the Council of the Bahama Islands, December 19-29, 1721, CO 23/1, No 42 iii.

[22] “New York, July 29,” Boston News-Letter, July 29-Aug. 5.
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Salty Dog
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PostPosted: Thu Dec 20, 2018 3:28 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

[23] Captain Candler to Josiah Burchet, 19 July, 1717, ADM 1/1597, TNA.

[24] Peter Heywood to Captain Thomas Jacobs, 14 Oct 1717, ADM 1/1982, TNA.

[25] Letter of Captain Vincent Pearse, 4 March 1717[-18], ADM 1/2282, TNA; Letter of Captain Vincent Pearse, 3 June 1718, ADM 1/2282, TNA; A List of the Names of Such Pirates as Surrender’d themselves at Providence to Capt Vincent Pearse Commander of His Matey Ship Phenix, 3 June 1718, ADM 1/2282.

[26] Letter of Captain Vincent Pearse, 4 March 1717[-18].

[27] Johnson [Mist], A General History of the Pyrates, 71.

[28] “Philadelphia, Novemb. 14,” Boston News-Letter, Nov. 18-25, 1717.

[29] For more on Blackbeard’s cruise off the Delaware Capes in October of 1717, see Bialuschewski, “Blackbeard off Philadelphia,” 167-172.

[30] Records of the Trial of Dr. William Howell, Minutes of the Council of the Bahama Islands, December 19-29, 1721.
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Salty Dog
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PostPosted: Thu Dec 20, 2018 3:29 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

[31] Tyler’s Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine, ed. Lyon G. Tyler (Richmond, VA: Whittet & Shepperson Printers, 1920), 36. This publication transcribed and reprinted the articles exhibited against William Howard in his trial.

[32] Letter of Captain Vincent Pearse, 3 June 1718,; A List of the Names of Such Pirates as Surrender’d themselves at Providence, 3 June 1718.

[33] Capt. Gordon & al £710 reward for taking Pyrates, September 19, 1722, T 52/53, TNA.

[34] Marcus Rediker, Villains of All Nations: Atlantic Pirates in the Golden Age (Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 2004), 29-30, 80-81.

[35] Captain Candler to Josiah Burchet, 19 July, 1717; “By Letters from South Carolina of the 22d past,” Boston News-Letter, Oct. 21-28, 1717; “The Tryal of Major Stede Bonnet, and Other Pirates,” in British Piracy in the Golden Age: History and Interpretation, 1660-1730, ed. Joel Baer (London: Pickering & Chatto, 2007), 2:327. The Revenge started in April of 1717 with, “126 men 6 Guns & Armes & Ammunition Enough,” according to Candler’s letter to Burchet written in July.

[36] “Philadelphia, October 24th,” Boston News-Letter, Nov. 4-11, 1717.
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Salty Dog
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PostPosted: Thu Dec 20, 2018 3:29 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

[37] The questioning of this engagement comes from examining the time line of events. This attack on the Spanish warship, so far, appears only in one document with no reference to a specific date. Meanwhile, the taking of the vessels off Charleston by Bonnet and the taking of the first prize by the Revenge under Thatch both have notes to a specific date and more than one document referencing their occurrences. For the Revenge to sail from Charleston on August 26 to North Carolina to careen, then sail to the place they engaged a Spanish warship, then sail back to New Providence in the Bahamas to refit the Revenge, and then sail to the Virginia Capes and take a vessel by September 29 is a lot for one sloop to accomplish. To engage in all this, in that short amount time, over that many miles of ocean, does throw some suspicion on the account of the Spanish warship encounter.

[38] “From New-York, Octob. 28,” Boston News-Letter, Oct. 28 – Nov. 4, 1717.

[39] “The Tryal of Major Stede Bonnet, and Other Pirates,” 367.

[40] Johnson [Mist], A General History of the Pyrates, 96.
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Salty Dog
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PostPosted: Thu Dec 20, 2018 3:29 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

[41] Johnson [Mist], A General History of the Pyrates, 95-96. In Mist’s version of this history, the cruise off the Virginia Capes, Delaware Capes, and off Rhode Island that Blackbeard conducted as captain of Bonnet’s Revenge occurred before taking two vessels off Charleston and without Blackbeard. Mist’s account also leaves out mentions of engaging the Spanish warship, Bonnet’s wounding, and places Bonnet’s joining with Thatch after the taking of the La Concorde.

[42] “From Philadelphia, October 24,” Boston News-Letter, Oct. 28 – Nov. 4, 1717; “Philadelphia, October 24th,” Boston News-Letter, Nov. 4-11, 1717; James Logan to Robert Hunter, Oct. 24, 1717, James Logan Papers, misc. vol. 2, p. 167, Historical Society of Pennsylvania; Jonathan Dickinson to Joshua Crosby, Oct. 23, 1717, LCP Jonathan Dickinson letterbook, 159, Historical Society of Pennsylvania; Ellis Brand to Lords of the Admiralty, December 4, 1717, ADM 1/1472, no. 11, TNA.

[43] “Capt. Mathew Musson to the Council of Trade and Plantations, July 5, 1717.”

[44] Tyler’s Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine, 36 (Trial of William Howard).

[45] Tyler’s Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine, 37 (Trial of William Howard).
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Salty Dog
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PostPosted: Thu Dec 20, 2018 3:30 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

[46] Jonathan Dickinson to Joshua Crosby, Oct. 23, 1717, 159. Dickinson wrote another letter on November 14 that repeated the information about the Betty attack mentioned in his letter to Crosby.

[47] For more on Thatch’s raid on vessels of the Delaware Capes, see: Bialuschewski, “Blackbeard off Philadelphia,” 167-172.

[48] Jonathan Dickinson to Joshua Crosby, Oct. 23, 1717, 159.

[49] “Governor Johnson to the Council of Trade and Plantations, June 18, 1718, Charles Towne, South Carolina,” CSPCS, August 1717 – Dec. 1718, item 556.

[50] Alun Withey, “Shaving and Masculinity in Eighteenth-Century Britain,” Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies 36, no. 2 (2013): 229-230.

[51] Deposition of Henry Bostock, 19 December 1717, CO 152/12/2 no 67iii, TNA.

[52] Johnson [Mist], A General History of the Pyrates, 84.
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Salty Dog
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PostPosted: Thu Dec 20, 2018 3:30 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

[53] Ibid., 84-85.

[54] Ibid., 84.

[55] “Philadelphia, October 24,” Boston News-Letter, Nov. 4-11, 1717.

[56] Benerson Little, The Sea Rover’s Practice: Pirate Tactics and Techniques, 1630-1730 (Dulles, VA: Potomac Books, 2005), 66, 135-136.

[57] As of the writing of this article, there are several historians and researchers still investigating Thatch’s place of origin, but none of these efforts has yet produced a decisive argument on where he came from, be it North Carolina, Jamaica, Bristol, Philadelphia, or London. There is the possibility that the documents that would prove where Thatch came from might be lost forever to the historical record.
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fleetp
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PostPosted: Thu Dec 20, 2018 4:50 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

That is a lot of information about Blackbeard! Thanks for posting!
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